What are Cannabinoids and how do they affect us?

Cannabis, black pepper, and kava all produce compounds known as cannabinoids. These cannabinoids are responsible for many of the medical and psychoactive effects of the plants that produce them.

December 29, 2019

What does cannabis have in common with carrots? The truth may surprise you! Both contain compounds called phytocannabinoids that interact with your brain. This class of naturally occurring chemical compounds also contains cannabinoids like CBD, THC, CBG, and many more. Historically, cannabinoids have only been thought to exist in hemp and marijuana both subspecies of cannabis. But a recent examination of other plant species has shown the existence of cannabinoid-like compounds. These compounds, or phytocannabinoids, are present in echinacea, kava, black truffles, and even black pepper. Interestingly, many plants that were traditionally seen as homeopathic medicines contain phytocannabinoids. Cannabis, as compared to other phytocannabinoid-producing plants, not only creates more cannabinoids than any other plant, but it also has the ability to create an immense array of different cannabinoids depending on the subspecies and growing conditions. Cannabis is one of the best plants for producing and harvesting these compounds effectively because it is relatively easy to cultivate as compared to other phytocannabinoid-producing plants and also creates more than 113 different cannabinoids, more than any other species. All of these phytocannabinoid-producing plants, including cannabis, have a very old history with all mammals. Our brains have been hard-wired through evolution to interact with the compounds these plants produce.  

All mammals, including humans, have specialized receptors in their brains and the rest of their nervous systems, called the endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for many of the attributed effects of ingesting cannabis. The endocannabinoid system is even found in whales, suggesting our early ancestors have been consuming phytocannabinoid-producing plants for millions of years. In our brains, the ECS is linked to the creation and regulation of hormones that affect the body in a wide variety of ways, many of which we still don’t fully understand. The hormones regulated by the ECS are related to reproductive functions and responses to stress, to name a few. It is actually why CBD and Δ9-THC can have such a radical effect on our body’s stress responses and why many feel relaxed by these compounds. That being said, everyone’s body interacts with these compounds differently due to a variety of factors. Everything from your genetics to your diet can have major impacts on how the ECS functions in your body and ultimately how different cannabinoids can affect you. That is why it is very important to consult with qualified professionals when deciding what and how to consume not only cannabis but any phytocannabinoid-producing plant. As developments in science are still relatively new regarding phytocannabinoids, many doctors and healthcare officials may know little about the available science due to the federal status of cannabis. Our experts at Remedy can help guide you to the right medicines for you.


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